What is an epidemiological research study?

Asked by Tami Franklin on November 02, 2021

Categories: Medical health Pharmaceutical drugs

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Epidemiology is the study of the distribution of diseases and other health-related conditions in populations, and the application of this study tocontrol health problems. The four types of epidemiologic studies commonly used in radiation research are cluster, ecologic, case-control, and cohort studies.

Why are epidemiological studies used? Epidemiology is the study of disease in populations. Epidemiological methods are used for disease surveillance to identify which hazards are the most important. Epidemiological studies are also used to identify risk factors which may represent critical control points in the-food production system.

What are the functions of epidemiology? Health surveillance, monitoring and analysis. Investigation of disease outbreaks, epidemics and risk to health. Establishing,-designing and managing health promotion and disease prevention programmes. Enabling and empowering communities to promote health and reduce inequalities.

What are the two types of analytical epidemiological studies? Epidemiologists conduct two main types of analytic studies: experimental and observational. Experimental studies use a randomized selection process. A process based on chance is used to assign study subjects to different exposuregroups.