What is Ribavirin used for?

Asked by Elissa Winter on September 18, 2021

Categories: Medical health Lung and respiratory health

Rating: 4.5/5 (52 votes)

Ribavirin is used in combination with other antiviral medications (such as interferon, sofosbuvir) to treat chronic (long-lasting) hepatitis C, a viral infection of theliver. Chronic hepatitis C infection can cause serious liver problems such as scarring (cirrhosis), or liver cancer.

How does Ribavirin cause hemolytic anemia? However, because red blood cells lack dephosphorylation enzymes, ribavirin accumulates in cells and destroys thecells, causing hemolytic anemia. The pretreatment hemoglobin concentration could be a significant factor in ribavirin-induced anemia.

Why does interferon cause flu like symptoms? Interferons are named for their ability to "interfere" with viral replication by protecting cells from virus infections. Certain symptoms of infections, such as fever, muscle pain and "flu-like symptoms", are also caused by the production of IFNs and othercytokines.

What are the side effects of Hep C treatment? Theseare the most common side effects:

  • Cough, runny nose, sore throat.
  • Depression, irritability, moodiness, anxiety.
  • Dizziness.
  • Dry mouth, skin, eyes.
  • Fatigue, weakness.
  • Flu-like symptoms (chills, fever, joint and muscle aches)
  • Gastrointestinal disorders (abdominal pain, decreased appetite, diarrhea, nausea)
  • Hair loss.