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What is the Reformation and Counter Reformation?

Asked by Lisa Jones on September 19, 2021

Categories: Religion and spirituality Christianity


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The Catholic Reformation became known asthe Counter-Reformation, defined as a reaction to Protestantism rather than as a reform movement. The so-called 'counter-reformation' did not begin with the Council of Trent, long after Luther; its origins and initial achievements were much anterior to the fame of Wittenberg.

What was the main goal of the Counter Reformation? The main goals of the Counter Reformation were to get church members to remain loyal by increasing their faith, to eliminate some of the abuses the protestants criticised and to reaffirm principles that the protestants were against, such as the pope's authority andveneration of the saints.

What happened after the Reformation? Social Changes after the ReformationAs the Reformation progressed, changes in power occurred. While the clergy began to lose authority, the local rulers and nobles collected it for themselves. Peasants became resentful andrevolted, but their actions were condemned by Luther.

What did the Reformation do? The Protestant Reformation was the16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era.

What were the three key elements of the Catholic Reformation? The three key elements of the Catholic Reformation were : the founding of the Jesuits, the formation of the papacy and theCouncil of Trent.