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What is the SAM file?

Asked by Donna Abuaita on December 27, 2021

Categories: Technology and computing Shareware and freeware


Rating: 4.7/5 (42 votes)

The Security Account Manager (SAM) is a database file in Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, 8.1 and 10 that stores users' passwords. It can be used to authenticate local and remote users. SAM uses cryptographic measures to prevent unauthenticated users accessing the system.

What happens if I delete SAM file? The SAM file is responsible for storing the local users' passwords on a-workgroup computer. If the SAM is somehow deleted in some way while Windows is running, the system loses all user account passwords, resulting in Windows throwing an error exception (Blue Screen) and shutting down.

Where is Sam database located? The SAM database is part of the registry. It's stored in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESECURITYSAM subkey and duplicated to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESAM subkey. At the file-system level, the SAM registry files are stored together with the rest of the registry files under \%systemroot%system32config (SECURITY and SAM files).

Where are all the passwords stored in Windows? All local user account passwords are stored inside windows. They are located inside C:windowssystem32configSAM If the computer is used to log into a domain then that username/password are also stored so it's possible to log into the computer when not connected to thedomain.

How do I copy a file system? Then click File System Browser on the left, choose the drive you want to copy from and click OK. The file browser will be familiar as it's like Explorer and you simply use it to locate the in use files or folders you want to copy. Right click on the entry, select Save to disk and choose the folder you want to saveto.